Description: What are the different types of Hepatitis?

There are three different types of hepatitis, some of which are spread more easily than others. Hepatitis A, B and C can all be transmitted sexually, however hepatitis B is the type most likely to be sexually transmitted. All types of hepatitis are serious and affect the liver. Hepatitis B and C are the leading cause of liver cancer and are the most common reason for liver transplants.

Transmission: How is Hepatitis transmitted?

Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Hepatitis C
–          Unprotected Rimming

–          Through contaminated food or water

–          Unprotected sex

 

–          Through blood and other body fluids

–          Unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex

–          Sharing equipment such as snorting saws and needles

–          Tattoos and piercing

 

–           Through blood and other body fluids

–           Unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex

–           Sharing drug equipment

–           Tattoos and piercing

 

 

 

Symptoms: what do common signs include?

–           Body aches, weakness, tiredness

–           Loss of appetite

–           Nausea or vomiting

–           Diarrhea or constipation

–           Dark urine

–           Light colored stool

–           Fever

–           Headache

–           A dull ache in the right upper side of the abdomen

–           Yellow color to the skin called jaundice

–           Itchy skin

–           Joint pain and rashes

–           Some people with hepatitis have no signs.

Treatment:

A blood test will show your doctor what type of hepatitis you have. Your treatment will be based on your type of hepatitis and may include:

  • Rest.
  • Take only the medicines prescribed by your doctor. Other medicines can affect your liver.
  • Do not drink alcohol since it can further damage your liver.
  • Do not smoke. Avoid second-hand smoking too.
  • Eat small portions of low-fat food to decrease nausea.
  • Apply cream often to itchy, dry skin.

Hepatitis A: There’s currently no cure for hepatitis A, but it normally gets better on its own within a couple of months. You can usually look after yourself at home. But it’s still a good idea to have a blood test if you think you could have hepatitis A, as more serious conditions can have similar symptoms.

Hepatitis B: There is no cure for hepatitis B, but supportive care can help manage symptoms. In cases of chronic illness, a doctor may prescribe antiviral medication, and they will monitor the liver regularly to check for damage over time. A person should also avoid alcohol during treatment and recovery.

Hepatitis C: In most cases, hepatitis C is now considered curable, so it’s important to seek treatment early if you think you may have the virus. Current antiviral drugs that help cure hepatitis C may also help prevent the health complications of chronic liver damage.

It is important to note that there are other types of hepatitis: Hep D and Hep E. Hepatitis D is transmitted through contaminated blood and Hepatitis E transmitted through unclean water or surfaces, however, they are both treatable.

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